Important Historic Dates Of Islam (Gregorian Year And Islamic Year)

Taken from Islamic sources

 

The Islamic Year is 10 days shorter than the Gregorian Year. Therefore Islamic dates differ from Gregorian dates. The Gregorian Calendar is used here for dates. Dates preceded by a c are approximate.

Convert between Gregorian Year and Islamic Year :
Gregorian Year = 32/33 * (Islamic Year) + 622
Islamic Year = 33/32 * (Gregorian Year - 622)

 

DATE’S

EVENT’S

c2100BC

The Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhissalaam) is born. By this time, the people have gone back to worshipping idols. He knows that these idols cannot be god, so he breaks them. The people try to burn him for this act but he is saved by Allah. He searches for the truth and it is revealed to him by Allah.
The Prophet Ibrahim (Alayhissalaam) is ready to sacrifice his son Isma'il (Alayhissalaam). Allah accepts his readiness but sends a lamb to be sacrificed instead. The Prophets Ibrahim and Isma'il build the Ka'bah in Makkah.

c1700BC

The Prophet Ya'qub (Alayhissalaam) born, in Egypt.
He calls people to Allah. The believers become known as the Banu Isra'il.

c1250BC

Fir'awn, the ruler of Egypt looks upon the Banu Isra'il as foreigners and treats them harshly, fearing that one day they may be too powerful.
He hears about the coming of a prophet, from his sears, and gives order for every Banu Isra'il male child born, to be killed.
The Prophet Musa (Alayhissalaam) born at this time. He is concealed by his mother for three months. When she can no longer manage she is inspired by Allah to put him into a specially made box and throw the box into the river. He is found by a member of Fir'awns family and taken to Fir'awns wife, who adopted him.
The Prophet Musa grows up in Fir'awns house. During this time he comes across the Egyptian beating one of the Banu Isra'il. He gives the Egyptian a blow and kills him accidentally.
The Prophet Musa leaves Fir'awns house for Midian where he stays for ten years. He then stays at Tuwwa, a valley at foot of the mountain At-Tur in Sinai. Here, he is given divine guidance by Allah, selected as a prophet, and given the Tawrat. Two signs are bestowed on him: a stick that, when thrown turns into a living serpent, and the ability to make his hand shine.
The Prophet Musa (Alayhissalaam) is commanded by Allah to invite Fir'awn to the right path. He begs Allah to make his brother Harun his helper, and it is granted. They go to Fir'awn and tell him that they have been chosen to save the Banu Isra'il from Fir'awns oppression. Fir'awn makes fun of them, so the Prophet Musa shows the signs. Fir'awn, thinking him a magician, challenges him to face his own magicians. The magicians can't match him, and profess their faith in Allah, making Fir'awn even angrier.
Allah commands the Prophet Musa to leave Egypt with his followers. They set of in the middle of the night. They are chased by Fir'awn and his soldiers. They are trapped at banks of the River Nile. Allah commands the Prophet Musa to throw his stick into the water. As he does so, the River Nile divides into two, forming a road, allowing the Banu Isra'il to cross over. Fir'awn follows, but as soon as all the Banu Isra'il are safely across, water pours back to form the River Nile. Fir'awn and his soldiers are all drowned.

c1000BC

The Prophet Dawud (Alayhissalaam) is given The Zabur by Allah.

c0

The people have gone back to worshipping idols. The Prophet Isa (Alayhissalaam) born. His birth is a miracle, since his mother, Maryam, is still a virgin. He can talk while still a baby.

c30AD

The Prophet Isa (Alayhissalaam) is commissioned as a prophet. He is bestowed with some miraculous powers: make birds out of clay, heal leprosy within minutes, restore the eyes to the blind, and give life to the dead.
He is given the Injil, and commanded by Allah to bring the people onto the right path. He asks the people to obey Allah. Some people make up things about him and say that he is part of Allah or the son of Allah. For these people there can be no forgiveness, since they have committed the biggest sin, that of Shirk.

The Prophet Isa is taken up by Allah. He is NOT crucified, like some people think.

545AD

Hadrat Khadijah (Radi Allahu Anha),, wife of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) born.

571AD

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) born, in Makkah, Arabia. His father, Abdullah, dies before his birth.

577AD

The Prophet Muhammad's  mother, Sayyedah Aminah (Radi Allahu Anha), dies. He is looked after by his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib.

579AD

The Prophet Muhammad's grandfather, Abdul Muttalib, dies. He is looked after by his uncle, Abu Talib, a leader of the Quraish and a merchant.

583AD

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) accompanies his uncle, Abu Talib, on a business trip to Syria.

585AD

Local war breaks out between the tribes of Quraish and Hawazin, in the Hajj season.

595AD

The Prophet Muhammad  (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) marries Khadijah, a 40 years old widow.

600AD

Hadrat Ali, cousin of the Prophet Muhammad is born.

605AD

Rebuilding of the Kaabah is completed by the Quraish.

Sayyedah Fatimah, daughter of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) is born.

610AD

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) receives the first revelation of the Quran, during the month of Ramadan.

610AD - 612AD

First phase of the Islamic Movement. The Prophet Muhammad preaches to friends and closest relatives.

The Prophet Muhammad's (Peace Be Upon Him) wife Sayyedah Khadijah and cousin Hadrat Ali become Muslims.

613AD

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) receives the command, from Allah, to preach openly to the public, and does so from Mount Safa. This marks the beginning of the second phase of the Islamic Movement.

Sayyedah A'ishah (Radi Allahu Anha), wife of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) after the death of Sayyedah Khadijah, born.

613AD - 615AD

The Makkans who had, up to now, not taken any serious notice, become very hostile. Many Muslims are tortured. Attempts are even made on the Prophet's life.

Hamzah, a brave man, and the Prophet's uncle become’s a Muslim, adding great strength to the Islamic Movement.

 

616AD

Hadrat Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu), a strong and tough person, in his late twenties, become a Muslim adding greater strength to the Islamic Movement.

617AD - 619AD

The Quraish are seething at the increase in the strength of the Muslims. They plot another assault and decide on a total boycott of the Muslims. The boycott is eventually lifted because of differences between the Quraish themselves.

620AD

Year Of Sorrow. Both the Prophet's uncle, Abu Talib and wife, Khadijah (Radi Allahu Anha), die.

The Most Difficult Day. Visit to Ta'if. Visits three important people to invite them to Islam. All three refuse, insult him and incite street urchins to drive him out of the city.

Al-Mi'raj, on the night of 27th Rajab. The Prophet  is taken to Jerusalem, and from there ascends to the heavens where he leads the other prophets  in prayer. He is then shown Paradise and hell. The five times daily prayers are ordained.

 

621AD

First Covenant of Al-Aqabah. 12 people from Madinah accept the Prophet's call to Islam and sign a pledge in which they agree to obey Allah, not commit murder, adultery or steal.

622AD

Second Covenant of Al-Aqabah. This time 73 people take up the pledge, including 2 women.

Hijrah. The Prophet Muhammad commands the Makkan muslims to migrate to Madinah, and after they are safely there migrates himself to establish the first Islamic state. The Islamic Calendar begins from this date.

Treaty with the jews is signed. The jews, however, did not live up to it and later betrayed it.

Masjidun Nabi (The Prophet's Mosque) is constructed.

Jihad is ordained.

Adhan and Zakah introduced.

The Qiblah is changed from Bait ul-Maqadis to Al-Kaabah.

Sawm (fasting) prescribed. Ramadan set as the month of fasting.

Battle of Badr. Muslims come out triumphant, even though the Muslims were outnumbered 3 to 1, and were not as well equipped as the Makkans.

Marriage of Hadrat Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) and Sayyedah Fatimah (Radi Allahu Anha).

623AD

1st restriction on drinking wine revealed.

Battle of Uhud. Makkans plan revenge on the Muslims. Muslims very nearly win. However the battle is just about a draw because of the disobedience of some archers who left their posts to collect some of the booty.

Revelations about Riba (interest) and laws concerning orphans, inheritance, marriage and rights of wives.

624AD

Revelations about Hijab (veil) for women and the prohibition of drinking wine.

625AD

Battle of Dumatul Jandal.

Battle of Banu Al-Mustaliq.

Revelations about laws of adultery and slander.

Battle of Ahzab The Prophet on hearing that the Makkans are launching an offensive against Madinah, orders trenches to be dug around the city. The enemy force, when it arrives at Madinah, cannot gain entrance and waits for 4 weeks and then drained leaves.

626AD

The Hudaibiyah Agreement is signed in which the Muslims are allowed into Makkah the folowing year and ten years of peace is agreed.

Khalid Bin Walid and Amr Ibnul As, two great generals, become Muslims.

627AD

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) sends emissaries to the Roman Emperor, the Persian Emperor, the Ruler of Egypt, the King of Abyssinia, the Cheifs of Syria and other leaders, initing them to Islam.


Battle of Khaibar.


The Prophet performs the postponed Umrah.

Revelation about laws concerning marriage and divorce.

628AD

Conquest of Makkah. The Hudaibiyah Agreement invalidated by the Makkans. The Quraish do not have enough power to stop the Muslims, as all the top generals are on the Muslims side. The Muslim army enters Makkah without incident.

Abu Sufian, the arch-enemy of the Prophet is granted an unconditonal pardon.

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) declares general amnesty for the entire community of Makkah.

Battle of Humain.

Siege of Ta'if.

Revelation of final order prohibiting Riba (interest).

629AD

Battle of Tabuk.

Revelation ordering Jiziah (protection tax on minorities).

Hajj prescribed.

632AD

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) delivers his farewell speech at Arafat before about 120,000 Muslims.

The Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam) dies, in Madinah.
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (Radi Allahu Anhu)
is elected to become the first Khalifah (succesor).

632AD - 634AD

Collection and collation of the Quran is achieved.

Romans cause trouble. Four seperate armies are defeated.

633AD

Sayyedah Fatimah (Radi Allahu Anha) dies.

634AD

Hadrat Abu Bakr (Radi Allahu Anhu) dies.

Hadrat Umar Al-Faruq (Radi Allahu Anhu) becomes the second Khalifah.

634AD - 644AD

Vast areas of the Roman Empire, the Persian Empire and the whole of Egypt are brought under Islamic rule.

644AD

Hadrat Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) appoints a six-man committee to elect his succesor.

Hadrat Umar (Radi Allahu Anhu) is stabbed and dies 3 days later.
The committee chooses Uthman Al-Ghani (Radi Allahu Anhu), and he becomes the third Khalifah.

644AD - 656AD

Vast areas of North Africa, including Cyprus, Morocco, Tripoli and Tunisia, are brought under Islamic rule. Roman Empire, the Persian Empire and the whole of Egypt are brought under Islamic rule.

Constantine, Emperor of Rome, attacks Alexandria with a naval fleet of 6,000 men but is defeated by the Muslim naval force.

Civil war with unruly and angry mobs.

656AD

Hadrat Uthman (Radi Allahu Anhu) is murdered by rioters.

Hadrat Ali Al-Murtada (Radi Allahu Anhu) is elected the fourth Khalifah, at a difficult time.

656AD - 659AD

The once mighty Muslim army is mostly involved with solving internal clashes. The Muslim Ummah (community) is seriously divided, groupings develop and mutual trust and confidence are undermined.

659AD

Hadrat Ali (Radi Allahu Anhu) is fatally wounded during Salatul-Fajr and later dies.

661AD - Early 10th Century

Known as the Period Of The Imams. Spiritual and political leadership passes from Hadrat Ali, after his death, to the twelve Imams, in succession.

670AD

Sayyedah A'ishah (Radi Allahu Anha) dies.

672AD

Egypt comes under Muslim rule.

680AD

The martyrdom of Imam Hussein (Radi Allahu Anhu) at Kerbala, Iraq.

711AD

Muslims enter Spain and begin Islamic rule.

Islam is established in India.

750AD - 850AD

The Shari'ah, Islamic System Of Law, is developed.

800AD

Baghdad, Iraq is the greatest city in the expanding Islamic world.

970AD

The Islamic University Of Al-Azhar is founded in Cairo, Egypt. It is the world's oldest university.

1138AD - 1193AD

Life of Salah ud-Din, Governor of Egypt. He was the adversary of Richard the Lion Heart in the Crusades. He was eventually victorious over Richard the Lion Heart, and is still a role model of Islamic chivalry.

1257AD

A wooden dome was made over the shrine of Prophet Muhammad Mustafa Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam by the Mamluke ruler, the Sultan, Al-Mansoor Qalaawoon.

c1300AD

Osman, who gave his name to the Ottoman Dynasty, starts to establish his power in Turkey.

1453AD

The Ottomans conquer Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire and rename it Istanbul. The Ottoman Empire expands.

1472AD

In 889 hijri after 208 or 215 years, KING MALIK ASHRAF QATBAIE constructed one more dome over wooden dome. White and Black stone had used in it and it is called GUMBAD-E-BAIZA [WHITE DOME] and in this way the wooden dome disappeared despite its existence.

In 992 hijri, just only 6 years later KING QATBAIE again made another dome over his first one. It was BLUE DOME and fire proof stones were used to build it. These stones were brought from Egypt. In this way wooden dome and white dome disappeared from seen even their existence.

 

In 1233 hijri, after 341 years, KING MAHMOOD BIN ABDUL HAMEED, the second, reconstructed QATBAIE dome and after 22    more years in 1255 it is FIRST TIME PAINTED GREEN AS LOOKS EVEN TODAY. [In this way three domes -wooden dome, white    dome and blue dome has been covered by today’s holy GREEN  DOME and perhaps the previous 3 domes might never be seen     again despite their existence.]

1492AD

Muslim rule in Spain ends.

1520AD

The Ottoman Empire includes South-East Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.

1550AD

A Muslim kingdom is established in Sumatra. From here, Islam spreads to Java, the Moluccas and Borneo.

1560AD

The Sulmaniyyah Mosque complex is completed, in Istanbul. It includes the mosque, 7 colleges, a hospital, an asylum, a soup kitchen, a bath house, shcools, shops, a sports ground and fountains

1798AD

Egypt is occupied by France.

1809AD

Usman dan Fodio founds the Khalifate of Sokoto in Nigeria.

1827AD

Britain, France and Russia support Greece against its Ottoman rulers.

1830AD

The French invade Algeria.

1873AD

The Dutch attack the Sumtran Muslim kingdom.

1882AD

The British attack and occupy Alexandria, Egypt.

1894AD

Britain's first purpose-built mosque is completed in Woking,Surrey.

1915AD

The Constantinople Agreement between Britain, France and Russia on the divisions of Ottoman land.

1916AD

Hussein Bin Ali (Emir of Makkah) initiated the Arab Revolt against the increasingly nationalistic Ottoman Empire during the course of the First World War

1917AD

The British fight the Ottomans for control of Gaza, Palestine.

1922AD

The end of the Ottoman Empire and the Khalifate of Sokoto.

1924AD

Hussein Bin Ali (Emir of Makkah) was defeated by Abdul Aziz Al Saud.

1925AD

On 8th Shawwal, Wednesday, in the year 1345 AH (April 21, 1925), mausoleums in Jannatul Al-Baqi (Madina) were demolished by Ibn Saud.

1925AD

In the same year (1925), he also demolished the tombs of holy personages at Jannat al-Mualla (Makkah) where the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam)'s mother, wife, grandfather and other ancestors are buried.

1927AD

The Persian Shah abolishes Islamic dress and rules that all men must wear European-style clothes.

1932AD

Between 1902 and 1927, the Al Saud leader, Abdulaziz, carried out a series of wars of conquest which resulted in his establishing the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932.

1947AD

14th August 1947 Pakistan was Formed (Independence Day of Pakistan).

1950AD - 1970AD

Muslims migrate to Europe, the USA and Australia.

1954AD

The Algerians rebel against French colonial rule.

1979AD

The Persian Shah is deposed and the Islamic Republic of Iran is established.

1980AD

Genocide of Muslims in Bosnia, Burma, Chechnya and Kashmir.

1980AD-1988AD

Iraq-Iran War:

Iraq and Iran War Between 22 September 1980 – 20 August 1988
(7 years, 10 months, 4 weeks and 1 day) under the leader ship of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein (Sunni) and Irani Leader Khomeini (Shia-Rafzi)

1990AD

Iraq-Kuwait War:

Iraq and Kuwait War between 2-4 August (2 Days) under the Leader ship of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein and Kuwait’s Leader Jaber-III.

1992AD

Demolition of Babri Masjid (Indian Muslim have been Betrayed):

On 6th December, Babri Masjid (Ayodhya, U.P –INDIA) was Demolished by RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) VHP (Vishwa Hindu Parishad) Bajrang dal.

2002AD

Gujarat Riot (GODHRA KAND)

The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom, was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat. Following the initial incident there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmedabad for three weeks; statewide, there were further outbreaks of mass killings against the minority Muslim population for three months. The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, is believed to have triggered the violence. Some commentators, however, hold the view that the attacks had been planned, were well orchestrated, and that the attack on the train was a "staged trigger" for what was actually premeditated violence.

According to official figures, the riots resulted in the deaths of 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus; 2,500 people were injured non-fatally, and 223 more were reported missing. Other sources estimate that up to 2,000 Muslims died. There were instances of rape, children being burned alive, and widespread looting and destruction of property. The Chief Minister at that time, Narendra Modi, has been accused of initiating and condoning the violence, as have police and government officials who allegedly directed the rioters and gave lists of Muslim-owned properties to them.

2003AD

13 December 2003, Saddam Hussein was captured by American forces at a farmhouse in ad-Dawr near Tikrit in a hole in Operation Red Dawn.

2006AD

Assasination of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein:

Saddam Hussein was hanged on the first day of Eid ul-Adha, 30 December 2006, despite his wish to be shot (which he felt would be more dignified). The execution was carried out at Camp Justice, an Iraqi army base in Kadhimiya, a neighborhood of northeast Baghdad.

2011AD

17 February 2011, major protests broke out against Muammar Al-Gaddafi's government. In same year on 20 October 2011 during the Battle of Sirte Gaddafi was captured by National Transitional Council forces and got Killed.

2012AD

2012 Rakhine State Riots (Burma Massacre):

The 2012 Rakhine State riots were a series of conflicts primarily between ethnic Rakhine Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar, though by October Muslims of all ethnicities had begun to be targeted. As of 22 August, officially there had been 88 casualties – 57 Muslims and 31 Buddhists. An estimated 90,000 people have been displaced by the violence. About 2,528 houses were burned, and of those, 1,336 belonged to Rohingyas and 1,192 belonged to Rakhines.

2012AD

Assam Violence:

In July 2012, violence in the Indian state of Assam broke out with riots between indigenous Bodos and Bengali-speaking Muslims. The first incident was reported to have taken place on 20 July 2012. As of 8 August 2012, 77 people had died and over 400,000 people were taking shelter in 270 relief camps, after being displaced from almost 400 villages. Eleven people have been reported missing.

2012AD

Azad Maidan Riot’s:

Azad Maidan Riots was initially a protest organized in Azad Maidan on 11 August 2012 to condemn the Rakhine riots and Assam riots, which later turned into a riot. The riot reportedly began as the crowd got angry either after hearing an inflammatory speech or after seeing photographs of Assam violence and Rakhine state riots. The riot resulted in two deaths and injuries to 54 people including 45 policemen. Mumbai Police estimated that the riots caused a loss of 2.74 crore in damages to public and private property.

2012-2013AD

Conflict in Egypt:

The 2012–13 Egyptian protests were part of a large scale popular uprising in Egypt against then-President Mohamed Morsi. On 22 November 2012, millions of protesters began protesting against Morsi after his government announced a temporary constitutional declaration that in effect granted the president unlimited powers.

2014AD

Israel-Gaza Conflict or Genocide in Gaza:

On 8 July 2014 a military operation was launched in the Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip by Israel named as Operation Protective Edge which turned out a Genocide for the people of Gaza. Thousands of Gazan were martyr in which most of them were Children.

2015AD

(PRESENT)

Syrian Civil War:

The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing international armed conflict taking place in Syria. The unrest began in the early spring of 2011 within the context of Arab Spring protests, with nationwide protests against President Bashar al-Assad's government, whose forces responded with violent crackdowns. The conflict gradually morphed from prominent protests to an armed rebellion after months of military sieges. The armed opposition consists of various groups that were formed during the course of the conflict, primarily the Free Syrian Army, which was the first to take up arms in 2011, and the Islamic Front, formed in 2013. In 2013, Hezbollah entered the war in support of the Syrian Army. In the east, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), a jihadist militant group originating from Iraq, made rapid military gains in both Syria and Iraq, eventually conflicting with the other rebels. By July 2014, ISIL controlled a third of Syria's territory and most of its oil and gas production, thus establishing itself as the principal anti-government force.

By July 2013, the Syrian government was in control of approximately 30–40% of the country's territory and 60% of the Syrian population. A United Nations report in late 2012 described the conflict as being "overtly sectarian in nature", between mostly Alawite government forces, militias and other Shia groups  fighting largely against Sunni-dominated rebel groups, although both opposition and government forces have denied it. Due to foreign involvement, this conflict has been called a proxy war. As of January 2015, the death toll had risen above 220,000, with estimates in April 2015 as high as 310,000.  International organizations have accused the Syrian government, ISIL and other opposition forces of severe human rights violations, with many massacres occurring. Chemical weapon shave been used many times during the conflict as well. The Syrian government is reportedly responsible for the majority of civilian casualties and war crimes, often through bombings. In addition, tens of thousands of protesters and activists have been imprisoned and there are reports of torture in state prisons. The severity of the humanitarian disaster in Syria has been outlined by the UN and many international organizations. More than 7.6 million Syrians have been displaced, more than 5 million have fled the country to nearby countries such as Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Egypt, and Kuwait, and a few hundred thousand have fled to more distant countries like Germany, Sweden and Greece and have become refugees. Millions more have been left in poor living conditions with shortages of food and drinking water.